LAND ART: nature and art reconciled?

Land art was born in the United States at the end of the 1960s as a reaction against the established order, museum institutions, and the mercantile and elitist character of art.
What is it about ?
It designates all the artistic movements that use Nature as a place, material and surface of inscription of their work
The different types of interventions 
  • the large-scale inscriptions at the landscape scale ("Earthworks").

Like the geoglyphs of Nazca, the pioneers of Land art ((Robert Smithson, Robert Morris, Nancy Holt, Denis Oppenheim, Walter de Maria, Christo and Michael Heizer) carried out in the desert west of America "earthworks" or monumental excavations inscribed in the landscape;

  • the human scale works made with materials from Nature (earth, stones, mud, branches, etc.).

The former are bound to last, even if they are eroded by the elements. The second are intended to be ephemeral, to degrade or decompose naturally.

These artistic enterprises being carried out in inaccessible places, the photographic support is essential, attesting or even constituting the work. 

Land art, a counterpart to traditional forms of art
  • The original work did not come true more in a workshopwas not more transportable ou exposable et could not hold himself because, performed in situ, far from the eyes of the public;
  • the work was no longer a representation of Nature, but was part of Nature she interacted with. She was no longer fixed, definitive, evolving with climatic conditions and natural hazards;
  • the work and its creator were more eternal, the work being called a day to disappear.

Land art has undergone many changes for fifty years

Since the end of the 1960 years, various evolutions have put into question some of its initial claims. 
He became transposable et exposable.
He has indeed returned to the museum space through installations (such as South Bank Circle by Richard Long for example) and joined the largest private collections of'contemporary art.
He knew different extensions such as plant art or “art in nature”, world art (“Earth art” which questions man and his relationship with his environment) or ecological art.
Thanks to Land art, Nature and art, human creation seeking to imitate or transcend natural Creation, have finally been reconciled.
In view of the current boom in green art, these natural achievements are undoubtedly called upon to meet an increasingly large audience.

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